Thursday, June 11, 2020

Internet Privacy vs Commerce - Free Essay Example

The internet was created to function as a network for a flow of information. After all the years since its creation, it has developed and evolved greatly into such a powerful tool that a majority of us today, are using it on a daily basis. One of the greatest advantages about the use of the internet is electronic commerce, the activity of buying and selling online. We can search through thousands of stores on the web and purchase what we want without having to be present at a certain place. Though it is great and extremely convenient for us, there is one thing that we are not aware of and that is our privacy. We put in a lot of our information on the internet more than we know of it and the unsettling thing about it, is the collection of that information and how its being used. E-commerce thrives off data from individuals and the way its done is business owners would exploit users data, our data, and privacy to expand their own businesses. Tension and issues arise between e-commerce and privacy. Our data is constantly being collected, shared to, and used by companies without our knowledge since its all happening on the backside of the internet where they have all these algorithms to perform their actions. The use of cookies is the main key of data collection in the e-commerce world. Cookies are small text files that are placed on your machine to help the site provide a better user experience.1 When visiting a website, cookies are used to store user information such as shopping carts, and login information. These are known are first-party cookies. We often see the function of these cookies when we sign in to a site, and it keeps us signed in until we manually log ourselves out. Our login information is saved in these cookies, so we dont have to keep re-entering every single time we revisit a site. Privacy issues can arise from this if searching is done on a shared computer. One might receive advertisements to sites from which another user has been on, but that user mightve wanted it to be kept private. Some online retailers have the ability to use cookies to store more important information such as credit cards or any other type of payment information. We dont usually share tha t type of information to anyone that easily but since we are entering it to certain sites that are able to store it, we are entrusting some of our privacy. Third-party cookies are the worrisome cookies that can track web surfing habits. They track our behavior on the web whether its what websites we go on, how much time we spend on those websites, see our interests are, etc. They spy on our every action on the internet and track us from site to site, gathering data from us. Using this information, advertisers are able to generate ads relating to your interests or sites you often go on. For example, we can see this if we lets say visit a site about kitchenware. If we go to another site, there is a high possibility where there will be ads related to kitchenware. Marketers buy advertising rights on thousands of popular websites in order to collect the information through cookies. With the knowledge of our preferences, the sites we frequently visit, and or the purchases me make, they can widen their customer base to maximize their business to its full potential. They can advertise themselves in other websites we visit that arent even related to themselves hoping to lure us back in the site or to make us purchase similar items. When people click on these ads, it feeds them even more information about it thus having their advertisements would pop up more frequently. The placement of ads and promotions on social media has become more common than ever due to more people going on social media every day. Cookies and algorithms are constantly being used to track your information such as mentioned before, see where you are from, what your interests are and what type of content you often look at. In doing so, they can generate certain groups containing certain posts based on that data such as current popular trends. Popular trends are based on the amount of comments, shares and likes from people and if enough people do either of those things, you will most likely see them. Businesses can take advantage of this and use to generate ads related to whatever is trending and most like by customers to promote themselves. The more users that are targeted, the higher the chance of purchases will be made. The main use of the information being collected by companies is to profile us and then selling it. These companies are known as data brokers. By tracking our activity on the internet, they start to build a profile of who we are, where we are from and what our interests are. The information obtained by data brokers arent just limited to what we do online. They able to obtain it in a large number of sources such as government and public records, social media, self-reported information from consumers, other companies that provide information about their customers in exchange for new customers, and/or from other data brokers.2 Data brokers then use this information and sell it to other advertisers, other companies or even the government. This is no doubt an invasion of our privacy. They are making profit of our personal information and giving our it away to third parties without our consent or full knowledge. One of the largest data brokers in the world is Acxiom. They are one of the hundreds of companies that peer into our personal life and collecting data generated from whatever we do line and even in the real world.3 In 2011, the company recorded $1.1 billion in sales offerings analytical services on 144 million households and thats just a fraction of the evolving big-data industry.3 In 2017, they claimed to hold data on all but a small percentage of US households and their data is said to be sued to make 12% of the nations direct marketing sales. 4 Many critics about data brokers is that fact that the average consumer has no idea that their intimate personal details are up for sale on these sites. 3 Personal data are being used and sold without our knowledge. Acxiom was also criticized in particular from reports of people having difficulty to prevent Acxiom from using their data or to remove their own data from the systems. The company later responded by offering a global opt-out and giving consumers some visibility about what information on them is held. According to an FTC privacy survey, although 57% of the busiest sites allow third-party cookie placement, only 22% disclose that fact in their privacy policies. 5 Since not all information is given visibility to consumers, part of it is still hidden from us. Different types of personal information can raise different types of privacy concerns. A common issue is the use of consumer preferences information leading to price discrimination. Price discrimination is the action in which companies would sell the same product at different prices to different buyers in order to maximize their sales and profits. They are able to do this from gathering our consumer identification such as our background and our online purchasing behavior. This is quite incompatible with our privacy protection because consumers want privacy, implying freedom from being tracked 6 yet merchants would snoop around personal information to gain the ability to charge different prices to improve their profits. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has recommended legislation to regulate online profiling but current American privacy law barely contain any general prohibitions against the collection of consumer data. Since the government doesnt regulate these data brokers, it is unclear how secure they are from hackers. 7 Security risks can arise due to this since data such as consumers credit-card number or personal address can lead to financial fraud or spam from hackers or any unauthorized users using that information. Many users fear the loss of their financial and personal data. There are many technologies including cryptography and encryption that can settle but it depends on how secure and perfect they are performed in certain companies. Not a lot of consumers are aware that their web activities is constantly being collected. Some may have no problem since some of their information that theyre receiving matches their presumed interests, but many do not realize that they might not be getting the full range of options available because of the salary data, and more crucially, records of previously visited internet sites are already in the hands of some companies. 8 Consumers dont have control where their data is going because many arent even aware of the collection of their own data and even if they were to address it, they would not know who to go to exercise their rights under the relevant Data Protection Laws. According to the survey from Blue Fountain Media, it is revealed that 90% of its respondents are very concerned about their internet privacy and 48% wished that more was being done about it. 9 A poll in a Business Week discovered that over 40% of online shoppers were very concerned over the use of personal information and 57% of them wanted some sort of laws regulating how personal information is handled. 10 There is low confidence when it comes to giving the trust of personal data online. Even though many people are concerned about how their privacy and personal information are being handled online, they dont feel empowered to do anything about it. They have very little control over how their information being shared, revealed, used, or sold by businesses. On May 25, 2018, European Unions new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) takes into effect. It contains a wider scope and stronger enforcement compared to the past Data Protection Directive. With this regulation, it imposes strict new rules on controlling and processing personally identifiable information as well as extends the protection of personal data and protection rights by giving control back to EU residents. 11 The rules for protection of personal data affects both inside and outside of the EU. Essential items that are included in this regulation contain the increase of fines, breach notifications, opt-in consent and responsibility for data transfer outside the EU. This becomes a huge impact to businesses and change the way in how customer data will be collected, stored and used. Consumers will have more rights about their personal information being collected. People have all been confronted with the terms of service agreements and privacy policies when they visit sites. A lot of times its required to click on agree before having access to a site or application. These regulations aim to ensure that consumers can make informed decisions, but current privacy policies are missing the mark and in fact, they are surprisingly ineffective at informing customers according to researchers. 12 Privacy policies are usually tens of pages long and because of that, no one really reads them. A study in 2008 was estimated that it would take 244 hours a year for the typical American internet user to read all websites they visit. Privacy policies are also difficult to understand, often requiring college-level reading skills. They mostly cover multiple services that are offered by a company which results in vague statements that make it difficult to find concrete information on how personal information is handled and being shared to. 12 It is suggested its be tter to have mini notices such as alert boxes to notify users what theyre doing with their data when visiting a site or using an app. Some sites and apps like Google are already doing so. When searching something on Google, usually an alert box pops up asking users if they allow it to access their location while using the app. These short and simple friendly notices not only let users know their location can be recorded, it also lets them decide whether they want their location shared or not. Most online consumer privacy groups now contain this new default standard for cookies named Opt-Out, which means consumers are notified via an alert, or a window when they load onto the site. Users will have to give consent by clicking accept before they are able to navigate the site and any cookies are planted into their browsers. This helps give the users the sense of knowing that the site is gathering their information for the uses and policies for processing and disposing of that data. Its essential for users to gain the right to know if the information is being gathered contains any personal identifying data, the right to get a copy of the data collected at an affordable price and in a form that the consumer can readily understand, the right to request corrections of the data and the right to have the data on browsing behavior within the website destroyed. 13 Having an opt-out cookie can be effective regarding the safeguard of users information. Simple notices are clean, easy an d understandable compared to long texts that are difficult to read. Consumers cant completely prevent companies from creating profiles of them using cookies but there are still some ways users can still protect their privacy. There are several free programs available for download that you can utilize to identify companies that are trying to store cookies on your browsers, delete cookies on your system, or prevent minimize the work of cookies. Ghostery is an example of a free add-on that you can install onto your browser. It can detect cookies from companies trying to spy on you, gives you background information about them and lets you block those cookies whenever you want. You can also go to your settings in your browsers to choose whether you allow third-party cookies and/or block sites from setting any data. There are several ways people can do to enhance their own security to protect some of their data. Login credentials are crucial to be able to access certain sites where people store their information. Its highly recommended that people reset their passwords once in a while and as well as to not use the same password for every site. Because some websites often save or cache browsing history, it keeps you logged in unless you manually log out. When using a public computer, its important to log out or else another use might be able to access your account and take whatever information is stored in that account. The chosen ecommerce platform should be secured as well as the connection being used for online check out. Be cautious about the activities performed on sites to make sure theyre not suspicious. With the internet and technology being more advanced than ever, its best to be safe. In order for consumers to have better protection of their data privacy, governments and stakeholders should work together. Businesses should protect consumer privacy by ensuring that their practices relating to the collection and use of consumer data are lawful, transparent and fair. Its also important for consumers to be aware about their data collection being used and given a choice whether they allow that or not. Privacy rights are important and personal data should be carefully secured. If companies want to be trusted in business, they should earn that trust by providing those rights to their consumers.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The One Thing to Do for Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics

The One Thing to Do for Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics The Secret to Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics There are struggles that could easily be eliminated when you're in the early phases of writing your personal narrative essay. There are plenty of expert essay writers that may cope at any essay in no moment. The excellent narrative essay demands enough moment. If you would like to create a descriptive essay about your own personal experience, it could possibly be unusual and specific. Narrative and Descriptive essay are two different kinds of essay writing, where a crystal clear difference between them may be highlighted with regard to the writer's objective in compiling the essay. Don't panic if you are not able to get your descriptive essay right. Descriptive essay always includes creative writing, even when topic appears to be dull and boring at first. A descriptive essay is a brief paper that is about describing or summarizing a topic. Ahead of writing, you've got to understand the subject of your essay! Narrative essays serve broad array of purposes. In that case, then you need to attempt writing narrative essays. Writing a superb narrative essay is dependent mostly on this issue you chose. The Foolproof Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics Strategy Based on the duration of the essay, quite a few body paragraphs will be different. View Sample Essay If you're likely to explain a particular experience, it would end up being really valuable for you whether you contain excessive information concerning the appropriate experience. Details have to be carefully selected to support, explain, and improve the story. Templates like Descriptive Essay about Office can be helpful for an individual who's planning to go to an office. New Step by Step Roadmap for Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics Narratives are aimed toward telling about yourself. Therefore, to compose a great essay you must brainstorm all thoughts conce rning your life experiences. Descriptive Essay on Market can be employed by tourists or visitors that don't have any prior understanding of a marketplace. The writer ought to be in a position to bring an emotional relation between the reader and the subject. Descriptive Narrative Essay Example may be used mainly to recreate a function. Great essays don't have bad topics. A narrative essay is permissive in terms of picking the topic. Like every assignment, a descriptive essay has a certain intent. A personal narrative essay is just one of the greatest tools to stop social issues that are frequently disregarded. Morality has a collection of unsolved problems, the solution on which usually presents a decision. The structure of such essay is dependent upon the topic. Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics: the Ultimate Convenience! Alternately, you may want to have a peek at our customized essay writing service that's intended to help students achieve the grade the desire. Nevertheless, it can't be an easy topic because a professor is not going to accept such a paper. Every student should know that writing isn't an easy job, and that's why they will need to be especially attentive when writing a descriptive essay. Frequently teachers will tell you exactly what they are searching for in your narrative piece. Expository essays are typical at the college level, and they're primarily research papers. Writing descriptive essay students need to be more personal and use their imagination to the complete extent. Teaching is a huge art which may provide a reward. Several students find the idea of writing argumentative essays appealing, although it can be rather an arduous job. The New Fuss About Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics Bear in mind a topic can help determine the result of a narrative. Perhaps the most crucial thing that you need to not forget is that you're required to compose an essay instead of simply to describe something. For instance, an essay on the very first topic can tell your private story. however, it may also be based on your imagination. The Upside to Descriptive Narrative Essay Topics After you choose the topic which suits you most, bear in mind the reason you write your essay, concentrate on the most crucial details to tell about in your text and don't neglec t the significance of senses and feelings in your essay. It is very important to describe the association between the author and the person he's describing to convince the reader the importance of the person being described. An individual who has disappointed you 51. Somebody becomes essential wisdom and experience there.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Essay about Rise of Professionalism in Sports - 985 Words

Sports, in the context of our present day society, cover a vast range of activities, such as athletics, bowling, basketball, soccer, etc. Any game or competition that is designed to test physical skill is considered a sport; hence the list of sports can go on endlessly. In the past, all these were only very simple games, but they have evolved tremendously over the years and now, have become very professional sports, with many high-tech equipment to boost the sportsmans performance. Take bowling for example; it dates all the way back to 5200 BC in Egypt, where kids literally take a ball-like object to throw at marble bars, resembling pins. It then slowly spread to other countries, where the game was gradually modified to todays ten-pin†¦show more content†¦and also the setting up of the Singapore Sports School in Woodlands. The sports school is the first of its kind in our country, allowing gifted sportsmen to train and study there. However, the government still did not negle ct the academic side of the school as it only admits students from the Express stream. The rise of professionalism in sports has its pros and cons as money is involved, but I personally feel that the cons weigh heavier than the pros. Firstly, in every sport, gambling is seldom absent. People gamble on sportsmen and even the sportsmen gamble among themselves. For the sportsmen, they feel that without money involved, there is no challenge to the game. As for the spectators, they gamble not because they like the sport or the sportsmen, but purely to win money. Where, then, is the true meaning of sports? Instead of a competition of physical abilities, the sports arena has become another gambling den. In places like America, people often turn violent when they lose their bets, injuring and causing harm to others. In extreme cases, some may even hire people to attack the sportsmen from the opposing team. This is the dark side of the rise of professionalism. The recruitment of foreign talent has always been a very controversial issue. Needless to say, they are a great help to the country which recruited them, having a higher chance of victory than locals, but where is the sense of loyalty towards their own country?Show MoreRelatedWhy Jackie Robinson Was The First Pro Ball Player844 Words   |  4 Pagesbias developed lines walls and boundaries for people. The funny thing about that is as new boundaries, walls and limitations were being built sports and the development of it broke them down or found new ways for the different genders and races to find ways to use sports as an outlet. Women were constantly fighting for their right to be involved in sports and pushing the limits as to what social norm deemed acceptable for them to be allowed to play. Working class women started to compete professionallyRead MoreSportsmanship : A Sport Fairly And Loses Gracefully910 Words   |  4 PagesCasey Harral English 1101-23 Sylvia Johnson November 2, 2015 Sportsmanship One who plays a sport fairly and loses gracefully is how The Merriam Webster Dictionary defines sportsmanship, but what is true Sportsmanship considered to you? Is it an attitude, or simply an act? Sportsmanship can be handled in several different ways. It’s how one team handles another on and off the field. Simply it could also be said as just the way you handle the game in general after a tough loss, or after an easyRead MoreThe Changing Attitudes Toward Athletics1270 Words   |  6 PagesThe changing attitudes toward athletics began in the mid 1820’s when sport became commercialized, publicized and organizations began to form. Harness Racing became the first modernized sport which seen change thanks to growth and the transformation of America. You first begin to see the formation of organization at the local, regional and national level. Rules became formal and written and legitimized by the organization where before, rules were based on local customs, so variation s were plentifulRead MoreDecision Making Among Ncaa Autonomy Institutions1485 Words   |  6 Pagesled to the current intercollegiate athletic milieu. The current model of intercollegiate athletics emerged with the concept of amateurism and need to regulate and contain the growth of professionalism in intercollegiate football during the early 20th century (Toma, 2003). In response to the threat of professionalism, the NCAA was established to protect the values of amateurism and stated that any college athlete who takes pay for participation in athletics does not meet this definition of amateurismRead MoreCombat Sports in the Ancient World: General Aspects of Ancient Combat Sports2625 Words   |  11 Pagesto the ancient combat sports, he proceeds to provide a basic outline to the world of ancient combat sports in a series of sections within the chapter, including: The definition of a ‘combat sport’ and its relation to recreation and training; similarities amongst co mbat sports, training methods and common practise; the premise of athletic festivals, and the organization of said competition. The first area that Poliakoff studies is ‘General aspects of the ancient combat sports’ is the definition ofRead MoreCareer Choices For A Career1539 Words   |  7 Pagesenjoyment when one is not working† by dictionary.com. In the field of Human Resource recreation, the job direction can go many different ways. Some of the ways that this career path can go are: human resource in parks and recreation, human resource in sports organizations, and Human resources manager or assistant. Knowing the background and stepping stones will lead to the success of a healthy career. Digging into the definition of Human Resource, research showed that it refers to â€Å"the individuals orRead MoreThe History of Soccer in Brazil Essay3103 Words   |  13 Pagestitles, and three FIFA Confederations Cup titles have created a football giant. How did a country on the periphery like Brazil become so dominant? What were the patterns of continuity and change that created this footballing leviathan? How did this sport transcend individual cultures and cultural regions? What were the significant social, political, and economic ramifications for all of the people involved? Brazil’s dominance in football is an indirect result of the cross-cultural interactions thatRead MoreImplementing Job Analysis Components For Recruitment, Training, Communication, And Retention For Sdi1161 Words   |  5 Pagesproblems associated with recruitment, training, communication, and retention for SDI. SDI has been in operation for over 25 years, yet has gained sudden popularity within the past five years. SDI focuses on experiential marketing, consumer loyalty, and sports marketing. Companies are currently facing robust competition, making it necessary for these companies to connect with their target market at a personal level with the goal to obtain a competitive advantage. SDI acts as a bridge between companies andRead MoreCase Study on Nurse and Client Relationships708 Words   |  3 Pages2013). In this case, a caring nurse must recognize that the client is not exhibiting eagerness for the pregnancy and respond accordingly. Rather than displaying the enthusiasm that a nurse may show with other clients, the nurse should maintain professionalism with the client and listen to her concerns and address each of them (Lowdermilk Perry, 2010). Developing a trusting relationship with the client fosters an environment in which the client feels comfortable in discussing her health-related issuesRead MoreWhy Is Technology Important?782 Words   |  4 Pagesunder different schemes with different technologies of the information system and also how to avoid possibilities of threats. It has also enabled me to develop the skill of communicating effectively, paying attention to detail and maintaining professionalism, all of which I believe will contribute in not only making me a successful student but also an asset to your institution. Furthermore, whilst studying for my Access to HE in Ireland, I had the opportunity of giving tutorials for my fellow colleagues

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Assassination of Beatles Legend John Lennon

John Lennon — a founding member of the Beatles, and one of the most beloved and famous music legends of all time — died on December 8, 1980, after being shot four times by a crazed fan in the carriageway of his New York City apartment building. Many of the events that led to his tragic and untimely death remain unclear and decades after his murder, people still struggle to understand what motivated his killer, 25-year-old Mark David Chapman, to pull the trigger on that fateful night.   Lennon in the 1970s The Beatles were arguably the most successful and influential group of the 1960s, perhaps of all time. Nevertheless, after spending a decade at the top of the charts, producing hit after hit, the band called it quits in 1970, and all four of its members – John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr -- moved on to launch solo careers. Throughout the early ‘70s, Lennon recorded several albums and produced hits like the instant classic Imagine. He had moved permanently to New York City with his wife Yoko Ono and taken up residence at the Dakota, a fancy, old apartment building located at the northwest corner of 72nd Street and Central Park West. The Dakota was known for housing many celebrities. By the mid-1970s, however, Lennon had given up music. And though he claimed he did so to become a stay-at-home dad to his newborn son, Sean, many of his fans, as well as the media, speculated the singer might have sunk into a creative slump. Several articles published during this period painted the former Beatle as a recluse and a has-been, who seemed more interested in managing his millions and holing up in his decadent New York apartment than in writing songs. One of these articles, published in Esquire in 1980, would prompt a pudgy, disturbed young man from Hawaii, to travel to New York City and commit murder. Mark David Chapman: From Drugs to Jesus Mark David Chapman was born in Fort Worth, Texas on May 10, 1955, but lived in Decatur, Georgia from the age of seven. Mark’s dad, David Chapman, was in the Air Force, and his mom, Diane Chapman, was a nurse. A sister was born seven years after Mark. From the outside, the Chapmans looked like a typical American family; however, inside, there was trouble. Mark’s dad, David, was an emotionally distant man, not showing his emotions even to his son.   Worse, David would often hit Diane. Mark could often hear his mom screaming, but was unable to stop his dad.   In school, Mark, who was a bit pudgy and not good at sports, was picked on and called names. All these feelings of helplessness led to Mark having strange fantasies, starting very early on in his childhood. By the age of 10, he was imagining and interacting with an entire civilization of tiny people he believed lived inside the walls of his bedroom. He would have imaginary interactions with these little people and later came to see them as his subjects and himself as their king. This fantasy continued until Chapman was 25, the same year he gunned down John Lennon. Chapman managed to keep such strange tendencies to himself, however, and seemed like a normal youngster to those who knew him. Like many who grew up in the 1960s, Chapman was swept up in the spirit of the times and by age 14, was even using heavy drugs like LSD on a regular basis. At age 17, however, Chapman suddenly proclaimed himself a born-again Christian. He renounced drugs and the hippie lifestyle and began attending prayer meetings and going to religious retreats.   Many of his friends at the time claimed the change came so suddenly they saw it as a type of personality split.    Soon after, Chapman became a counselor at the YMCA—a job he relished with fervent devotion—and would remain there into his twenties. He was highly popular with the kids in his care; he dreamed of becoming a YMCA director and working abroad as a Christian missionary. Problems Despite his successes, Chapman was undisciplined and lacking in ambition. He briefly attended community college in Decatur but soon dropped out due to the pressures of academic work. He subsequently traveled to Beirut, Lebanon as a YMCA counselor, only to be forced to leave when war broke out in that country. And after a brief stint at a camp for Vietnamese refugees in Arkansas, Chapman decided to give school another try. In 1976, Chapman enrolled at a religious college under the encouragement of his girlfriend, Jessica Blankenship, who was very devout and whom he had known since the second grade. However, he lasted only one semester before dropping out once more. Chapman’s failures at school caused his personality to undergo yet another drastic change. He began to question his purpose in life and his devotion to his faith.   His changing moods also put a strain on his relationship with Jessica  and they broke up soon after. Chapman became increasingly despondent about these events in his life. He saw himself as a failure at everything he tried and frequently spoke of suicide. His friends were concerned for him, but could never have anticipated what this shift in Chapman’s temperament portended. Down a Dark Path Chapman was looking for a change and at the encouragement of his friend Dana Reeves—an aspiring policeman—decided to take shooting lessons and obtain a license to carry firearms. Soon after, Reeves managed to find Chapman a job as a security guard. But Chapman’s dark moods continued. He decided he needed to change his surroundings and moved to Hawaii in 1977, where he did attempt suicide but failed, ending up at a psychiatric facility. After two weeks as an outpatient there, he obtained a job in the hospital’s print shop and even volunteered on occasion in the psych ward. On a whim, Chapman decided to take a trip around the world. He fell in love with Gloria Abe, the travel agent who helped book his round-the-world trip. The two frequently corresponded through letters and upon returning to Hawaii, Chapman asked Abe to become his wife. The couple married in the summer of 1979. Although Chapman’s life seemed to be improving, his downward spiral continued and his increasingly erratic behavior concerned his new wife. Abe claimed Chapman began drinking heavily, was abusive towards her and would frequently make threatening phone calls to complete strangers. His temper was short and he was prone to violent outbursts and would engage in screaming matches with his coworkers. Abe also noticed Chapman became increasingly obsessed with JD Salinger’s seminal 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye. The Catcher in the Rye It is unclear when exactly Chapman discovered Salinger’s novel, The Catcher in the Rye, but one thing is for certain, by the late ‘70s it was beginning to have a profound effect on him. He identified deeply with the book’s protagonist, Holden Caulfield, an adolescent who railed against the seeming phoniness of the adults around him. In the book, Caulfield identified with children and saw himself as their savior from adulthood. Chapman came to see himself as a real-life Holden Caulfield. He even told his wife he wanted to change his name to Holden Caulfield and would rage about the phoniness of people and of celebrities in particular. Hatred of John Lennon In October of 1980, Esquire magazine published a profile on John Lennon, which portrayed the former Beatle as a drug-addled millionaire recluse who had lost touch with his fans and his music. Chapman read the article with increasing anger and came to see Lennon as the ultimate hypocrite and a â€Å"phony† of the very type described in Salinger’s novel. He began reading everything he could about John Lennon, even making tapes of Beatles’ songs, which he would play over and over for his wife, changing the tapes’ speed and direction. He would listen to them while sitting nude in the dark, chanting, â€Å"John Lennon, I’m going to kill you, you phony bastard!† When Chapman discovered Lennon was planning to release a new album—his first in five years—his mind was made up. He would fly to New York City and shoot the singer. Preparing for the Assassination Chapman quit his job and bought a .38-caliber revolver from a gun shop in Honolulu. He then bought a one-way ticket to New York, told his wife goodbye, and departed, arriving in New York City on October 30, 1980. Chapman checked into the Waldorf Astoria, the same hotel Holden Caulfield stayed at in The Catcher in the Rye, and set about seeing some sights. He frequently stopped at the Dakota to ask the doormen there about John Lennon’s whereabouts, without luck. The employees at the Dakota were used to fans asking such questions and generally refused to divulge any information about the various celebrities who resided in the building. Chapman had brought his revolver to New York but figured he would buy bullets once he arrived. He now learned only residents of the city could legally purchase bullets there. Chapman thus flew down to his former home in Georgia for the weekend, where his old buddy Dana Reeves—by now a sheriff’s deputy—could help him procure what he needed.    Chapman told Reeves he had been staying in New York, was concerned for his safety, and needed five hollow-nosed bullets, known for causing immense damage to their target. Now armed with gun and bullets, Chapman returned to New York; however, after all this time, Chapman’s resolve had diminished. He later claimed that he had a type of religious experience that convinced him what he was planning was wrong. He called his wife and told her, for the first time, what he had planned to do. Gloria Abe was frightened by Chapman’s confession. However, she did not call the police but simply implored her husband to return home to Hawaii. He did so on Nov. 12. Chapman’s change of heart did not last long. His strange behavior continued and on Dec. 5, 1980, he once again departed for New York. This time, he would not be back. Second Trip to New York Upon his second trip to New York, Chapman checked into a local YMCA, because it was cheaper than a regular hotel room. However, he was not comfortable there and checked into the Sheraton Hotel on December 7. He made daily trips to the Dakota building, where he befriended several other John Lennon fans, as well as the building’s doorman, Jose Perdomo, whom he would pepper with questions about Lennon’s whereabouts. At the Dakota, Chapman also befriended an amateur photographer from New Jersey named Paul Goresh, who was a regular at the building and well known to the Lennons. Goresh chatted with Chapman and would later comment how little Chapman seemed to know about John Lennon and the Beatles, considering he had claimed to be such an avid fan. Chapman would visit the Dakota regularly over the next two days, hoping each time to run into Lennon and commit his crime. Dec. 8, 1980 On the morning of Dec. 8, Chapman dressed warmly. Before leaving his room he carefully arranged some of his most treasured belongings on a table. Among these items was a copy of the New Testament in which he had written the name â€Å"Holden Caulfield† as well as the name â€Å"Lennon† after the words â€Å"Gospel According to John.†Ã‚   He arranged the items for maximum effect, expecting the police to come looking through his room after his arrest. After leaving the hotel, he bought a fresh copy of The Catcher in the Rye and wrote the words â€Å"This is my statement† on its title page. Chapman’s plan had been to say nothing to police after the shooting, but to simply hand them a copy of the book by way of explaining his actions. Carrying the book and a copy of Lennon’s latest album Double Fantasy, Chapman then made his way to the Dakota where he stood chatting with Paul Goresh. At one point, a Lennon associate, Helen Seaman, arrived with Lennon’s five-year-old son Sean in tow. Goresh introduced Chapman to them as a fan who had come all the way from Hawaii. Chapman seemed elated and gushed about how cute the boy was. John Lennon, meanwhile, was having a busy day inside the Dakota. After posing with Yoko Ono for famous photographer Annie Leibovitz, Lennon got a haircut and gave his last ever interview, which was to Dave Sholin, a DJ from San Francisco. By 5 p.m. Lennon realized he was running late and needed to get over to the recording studio. Sholin offered the Lennons a ride in his limo since their own car had not yet arrived. Upon exiting the Dakota, Lennon was met by Paul Goresh, who introduced him to Chapman. Chapman handed over his copy of Double Fantasy for Lennon to sign. The star took the album, scribbled his signature, and handed it back.   The moment was captured by Paul Goresh and the resulting photograph—one of the last ever taken of John Lennon—shows a profile of the Beatle as he signs Chapman’s album, with the killer’s shadowy, deadpan face looming in the background. With that, Lennon entered the limo and headed for the studio. It is unclear why Chapman did not take that opportunity to kill John Lennon. He later recalled he was waging an inner battle. However, his obsession with killing Lennon did not abate. Shooting John Lennon Despite Chapman’s inner misgivings, the urge to shoot the singer was too overwhelming.   Chapman remained at the Dakota well after Lennon and most of the fans had left, waiting for the Beatle to return.    The limo carrying Lennon and Yoko Ono arrived back at the Dakota around 10:50 p.m. Yoko exited the vehicle first, followed by John. Chapman greeted Ono with a simple â€Å"Hello† as she passed. As Lennon passed him, Chapman heard a voice inside his head urging him on: â€Å"Do it! Do it! Do it!† Chapman stepped into the carriageway of the Dakota, dropped to his knees, and fired two shots into John Lennon’s back. Lennon reeled. Chapman then pulled the trigger three more times. Two of those bullets landed in Lennon’s shoulder. The third went astray. Lennon managed to run into the Dakota’s lobby and clamber up the few steps leading to the building’s office, where he finally collapsed. Yoko Ono followed Lennon inside, screaming he’d been shot. The Dakota’s night man thought it was all a joke until he saw the blood pouring from Lennon’s mouth and chest. The night man promptly called 911 and covered Lennon with his uniform jacket. John Lennon Dies When the police arrived, they found Chapman sitting beneath the gate’s lantern calmly reading Catcher in the Rye. The killer made no attempt to escape and repeatedly apologized to the officers for the trouble he had caused. They promptly handcuffed Chapman and placed him in a nearby patrol car. The officers did not know the victim was the famous John Lennon. They simply determined his wounds were too serious to wait for an ambulance. They placed Lennon in the backseat of one of their patrol cars and drove him to the emergency room at Roosevelt Hospital. Lennon was still alive but barely able to respond to the officers’ questions. The hospital was made aware of Lennon’s arrival and had a trauma team at the ready. They worked diligently to save Lennon’s life, but to no avail. Two of the bullets had pierced his lungs, while a third had hit his shoulder and then ricocheted inside his chest where it had damaged the aorta and cut his windpipe. John Lennon died at 11:07 pm on the night of December 8, due to massive internal hemorrhaging. Aftermath The news of Lennon’s death broke during ABC’s televised Monday night football game when sportscaster Howard Cosell announced the tragedy in the middle of a play. Soon after, fans from all over the city arrived at the Dakota, where they held vigil for the slain singer. As the news spread around the world, the public was shocked. It seemed a brutal, bloody end to the ‘60s. Mark David Chapman’s trial was short, as he had pled guilty to second-degree murder, claiming God had told him to do so.  When asked at his sentencing if he wanted to make a final statement, Chapman stood up and read a passage from Catcher in the Rye. The judge sentenced him to 20-years-to-life and Chapman remains imprisoned to this day, having lost several appeals for his parole.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Millian Principles, Freedom of Expression, and Hate Speech

Speech that attacks a person or group of people on the basis of race, gender, or sexual orientation is regarded as hateful. It has the potential to incite violence or prejudicial action against or by a protected group of people. In Millian Principles, Freedom of Expression, and Hate Speech, Mill makes the claim that essentially all speech, including hate speech, should be allowed. This claim holds its validity as long as no harm is done to an individual. Here, I will show that low value speech fails to engage deliberative views that underlie central first amendment fundamental liberties. Subsequently, I will support these claims by comparing the aspects of hate speech to low value speech. Lastly, I advocate for the prohibition against the use of hate speech in a university setting. In Brink’s discussion of, Millian Principles, Freedom of Expression, and Hate Speech, he distinguishes between low value and high value speech. The former is speech that plays no essential role in the exposition of ideas and is of such slight social value as a step to the truth that any benefit is outweighed by the social interest in order and morality. Examples of low value speech include threats, fighting words, incitement of illegal activity, libel, and obscenity. In contrast, high value speech is speech that contributes to public discourse. Moreover, it possesses content-based restrictions that are subject to strict scrutiny, laws that are necessary to meet a state interest. Throughout theShow MoreRelatedJohn Stuart Mill on Liberty and Freedom of Expression1388 Words   |  6 PagesInhibition of ones liberty, such as their liberty of conscience (i.e. freedom of speech), is unjust by Millian principles, unless the persons use of deliberation is to voice hate speech. So what is hate speech? Hate speech is directed towards a member of a group, or the group as a whole, that vilifies on the basis of the subjects beliefs. In comparison to discriminatory speech, hate speech does not invoke mere offense, but in most cases is traumatic, and severely impair one’s deliberative capacities

Children s Books Where s Is My Little Baby Brother

Children s Books: Where’s is my Little Baby Brother? (Help Brooke Find her Little Baby Brother. A Book for Beginning Readers, with over 20 Imaginative Illustrations, Ages 2-9) Enjoy the Brooke Explore Series SWB Children’s publishing branch specializing in helping your very special child learn. These books increase cognitive development as your child s ability to learn and solve problems improves with reading. This amazing book helps your child learns in a fun and entertaining way. It is filled with photographs and large, easy-to-read text. This book starts to help your child build the platform for continued growth and development. Brooke is waiting patiently for her new little baby brother. â€Å"Where is my little baby brother†, asked Brooke? Brooke and her sister Lyndsey came down to eat breakfast like they do every morning. â€Å"Brooke and Lyndsey we have some very exciting news†, explained their parents. â€Å"What is it mommy† ,asked Brooke? You are going to have a baby brother. â€Å"Where is my baby brother† ,asked Brooke? Brooke’s mommy answered, ‘he’s in my tummy now†. ‘He is going to have to grow a lot†, said Brooke’s mother. But, eventually he will be sitting here with us at the breakfast table. Brooke , was very excited about getting a baby brother. Brooke, just couldn’t wait to see her baby brother. The next day at school , Brooke and her best friend Addie had lunch together. â€Å"Hey Addie guess what ?, I having a baby brother†, said Brooke. Well ,Show MoreRelatedChildren s Influence On Children Essay1687 Words   |  7 Pages Children love to play! It is a common thought that play and children natural go together. Children create noise when they play, from the time they are two, or sometimes before, there is a certain atmosphere when children are near. Have you ever heard the statement, â€Å"everything I need to know, I learned in kindergarten†? It was originally from an American minister, who wrote a book sharing his thought. My question is, don’t you think children learned a vast amount of â€Å"things† before they reach kindergartenRead MoreThe God of Small Things1501 Words   |  7 PagesIndian family, forbidden love, and horrors during the upbringing of twins Estha and Rahel. It is a sad but humorous story of a peculiar family in India, the West s intrusion, and the caste systems terrifying regime. The family we follow is a family that is pretty well off. They own a small factory, Paradise Pickles and Preserves, where they have workers who are of lower caste. The twins Estha and Rahel have always felt like they belonged together. Their inner is in some way linked as if they belongedRead MoreComputer Surfing, And Real Life Experience998 Words   |  4 PagesIt s funny—when one takes away 9/11, computer surfing, and real life experience, I cannot name a time when I watched something forbidden or inappropriate. Let me rephrase that: others might have called certain movies or TV shows inappropriate for my age, but I was never left with that sense. Maybe it was because, for all that I was a pretty curious child, I respected when my parents told me I couldn t watch something. Maybe it was because my parents had a good sense of what I and my siblingsRead MoreDescriptive Essay About My Love1627 Words   |  7 PagesIt was an average April morning, the streets still wet from yesterday s rain. In fact, it rained all through the night, and the smell of the rain from early morning still lingered in the air. I like the rain. I like the way it falls on your face as if each droplet was a golden drop of happiness falling from heaven. I like the way it lightly drizzles, giving my whole neighborhood a shower. The rain sweeps through all of Manhattan, cleansing everyone both physically and mentally. Rain is like a freshRead MoreAngelas Ashes: the Setting Effects the Actions of the Characters1472 Words   |  6 PagesAngelas Ashes by Frank McCourt tells the life of the McCourt family while living in poverty in Limmerick, Ireland during the 30s and 40s. Frank McCourt relates his difficult childhood to the reader up to the time he leaves for America at age nineteen. The book has many prevailing themes, but one of the most notable is the settings relationship to the family. The setting of the book ultimately influences the choices and lifestyle of the McCourt family in many ways. br brLiving in poverty and not beingRead More Angela?s Ashes: The Setting Effects The Actions Of The Characters1378 Words   |  6 PagesAngela’s Ashes by Frank McCourt tells the life of the McCourt family while living in poverty in Limmerick, Ireland during the 30’s and 40’s. Frank McCourt relates his difficult childhood to the reader up to the time he leaves for America at age nineteen. The book has many prevailing themes, but one of the most notable is the settings relationship to the family. The setting of the book ultimately influences the choices and lifestyle of the McCourt family in many ways. Living in poverty and not being ableRead Moresonnys blues1309 Words   |  6 Pages Sonny s blues is a fictional story and a first person narrative written by James Baldwin . The main point of this story is how drugs affects Sonny s life,and how the narrator feels about it . I believe the moral of this story is people deal with struggles in everyday life and people deal with their struggles in their own way .The narrator is not only sonny’s brother he is also someone trying to undersatnd his brother . Learning more about sonny meant he would be able to understand him and whyRead MoreA Rose For A Slave Girl By Harriet Jacobs1270 Words   |  6 PagesThe book, Incidents in the Life of A Slave Girl starts off by introducing the us to a slave girl who is known as Linda who represents Harriet Jacobs. The books narrates the life Harriet who was born into slavery in 1813 near Edenton, North Carolina. The time period where racial slurs had been widely and slavery was very popular. She had not know she was a slave girl until the solid age of six years after her childhood had been demolished. The main idea for publishing this book was to show the hardshipRead MoreThe Day I Was Born1188 Words   |  5 PagesEvery Sunday, since the day I was born has been a day to spend with God, family and the people I love. Bright and early every Sunday morning my older brother Blake, Alex, younger brother Stephen and I would be woken up for the early morning service at St. Paul s Lutheran church. My mother would have breakfast ready for my father, brothers and I by 6 o clock in the morning so that we were fed and ready for the 8 o clock service. After church, we would go grocery shopping or run any errands thatRead MoreThe Glass Castle By Jeannette Walls1685 Words   |  7 Pagesand get an education so she can escape her current life and move to a place with better opportunities, which is New York (Walls 2005) This book intrigued me because of the way Walls tells her story. She does not have a trouble-free life, but she is a brave woman for telling her story to others. Walls admitted in her interview with Oprah as well as in her book, that she is so embarrassed of her parents in the streets. While she lives in her warm and comfortable home, her parents are in the street

Gilgameshs downfall Essay Example For Students

Gilgameshs downfall Essay In The Epic of Gilgamesh the main character, Gilgamesh, is searching for immortality. This want is brought about by deep feelings held by Gilgamesh for his dead friend Enkidu. From this, Gilgamesh finds himself being scared of dying. This fear pushes Gilgamesh to search for the power of immortal life, which is believed to be held only by women because of the fact that they can reproduce. This takes him on a long and tiresome journey to a land where no mortal has gone before. The search by Gligamesh is fueled by the desire to play a part in reproduction. His journey begins at Mount Mashu, the mountain which describes a woman in the part that her paps reach down to the underworld. Referring to two women’s breast’s hanging down. Before he may enter the mountain, he meets two half female, half dragon figures guarding the entrance. They begin asking why he has come; No man/ born of woman has done what you have/ asked, no mortal man has ever gone into the/ mountain. This moun tain is off limits to mortal beings, he should not be there Gilgamesh is alloud in and goes through twelve leagues of darkness before he reaches the golden garden of the goddesses. Upon arriving there he is greeted by Shamash, the Sun God, who tells him, You will never find the/ life for which you are searching. This upsets Gilgamesh because he has traveled so far to now just sleep and let the earth cover my head forever? From leaving Shamash, Gilgamesh is sent to see Siduri. Beside the sea she lives, the woman of/ the vine, the maker of wine†¦ and she does not want to allow Gilgamesh pass. Gilgamesh pleads with her that since he has seen her do not let him see death. She answers, Gilgamesh, where/ are you hurrying to? You will never find that life for which you are looking. Once again Gilgamesh hears that what he is looking for does not exist. She tells him to enjoy life to its fullest because that is what a man is there for. That does not satisfy Gilgamesh and he wishes to kn ow where to find Utnapishtim, the only man with eternal life. To find him, Gilgamesh must locate Urshanabi, the ferry woman. She then proceeds to take him over the Ocean and over the waters of death. So Gilgamesh finds himself in Dilmun, the place where Utnapishtim resides. Utnapishtim asks why he has come. Gilgamesh proceeds to tell Utnapishtim the whole story about Enkidu dying, how far he has traveled, who he has met, and finally that he wants to know how to become immortal like him. There is no permanence, Utnapishtim states, It is only the nymph of the/ dragonfly who sheds her larva and sees the sun in her glory. This statement is saying that only woman live forever through reproduction. Utnapishtim continues to tell Gilgamesh how he got here and asks As for you, Gilgamesh,/ who will assemble the gods for/ your sake, so that you may find that life for which you are searching? Utnapishtim offers him a test and all he has to do is stay up for six days and seven nights. Gilgamesh can not do it, and he immediately falls asleep. Utnapishtim wakes him after seven days and tells Urshanabi to take Gilgamesh to be cleaned, then send him back to where he came from. But before Gilgamesh could leave, Utnapishtim told him of a plant underwater that would restore a mans youth. Gilgamesh then left to find this marvelous plant before he headed home. He found it and brought it with him. Urshanabi and Gilgamesh traveled a long ways before stopping for the night. While stopped, Gilgamesh went to go bathe in a well. But, deep in that well there was a serpent. It rose out of the water and snatched it/ away, and immediately it sloughed its/ skin and returned to the well. Gilgamesh is left with nothing. The serpent was a symbol of a woman, and now Gilgamesh see that he can not have the power to bear everlasting life.In short, Gilgamesh ends up dying, like all men must do. He learned that there is no immortal life for men and that women are still the only immortals because of re production. .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 , .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .postImageUrl , .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 , .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329:hover , .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329:visited , .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329:active { border:0!important; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329:active , .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329 .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u7257e3314fa182e55d396be5cc97a329:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: The glass managerie Essay